“Power is a lot like real estate,” says Rep. Francis Underwood in the political drama House of Cards. “It’s all about location, location, location. The closer you are to the source, the higher your property value.”

Underwood is a fictional character, but in the real world of politics his words often hold true. In New York, proximity to Gov. Andrew Cuomo, who holds the state’s highest elected office, can serve as an indicator of political clout. Nearly a dozen people on this year’s list owe their jobs directly to the governor, and many others are highly ranked largely because of their connections to him or to other state power brokers. Even those who have earned election to a high level office generally owe their position to key patrons and mentors who helped them climb the rungs of power. Cuomo himself grew up with a father who was governor, after all.

However, simply being close to a powerful figure does not always mean that one is powerful as a result. Dozens of state commissioners and agency heads are nowhere to be found on this list. Sandra Lee, the governor’s longtime girlfriend, did not make the cut, and Lt. Gov. Robert Duffy just squeezed on to it for a second consecutive year at No. 100.

As Rep. Underwood notes in a later episode, “Proximity to power deludes some into thinking they wield it.”

To give our readers an accurate portrayal of who really holds sway in Albany politics, City & State presents its second annual Albany Power 100. Of course, any list of this sort is bound to generate criticism and controversy. We acknowledge that our ranking is imperfect—yet it is not arbitrary. Off-the-record conversations with many of the state’s most savvy political insiders helped us arrive at a list that we hope will resound with the people who know the score as well as anyone—our readers.

President and CEO, Long Island Association

85

Kevin Law


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

CEO, Ellicott Development Company; former Republican nominee for governor

86

Carl Paladino


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Managing Director for Public Affairs, Tishman Speyer

87

Michelle Adams


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Executive Director, Unshackle Upstate

88

Brian Sampson


Last Year's Rank: 85

Change: -3

Assemblyman; Chair, Ways and Means Committee

89

Herman "Denny" Farrell Jr.


Last Year's Rank: 89

Change: No Change

President and Founder, Patricia Lynch Associates

90

Patricia Lynch


Last Year's Rank: 32

Change: -58

Political consultant

91

Steve Pigeon


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Lobbyist

92

Richard Runes


Last Year's Rank: 95

Change: +3

Chairman, New York State Republican Committee

93

Edward Cox


Last Year's Rank: 49

Change: -44

Founder and CEO, Tonio Burgos and Associates

94

Tonio Burgos


Last Year's Rank: 91

Change: -3

Legislative Director, New York Public Interest Research Group

95

Blair Horner


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Chairman, Independence Party of New York

96

Frank MacKay


Last Year's Rank: 65

Change: -31

Chairman, Conservative Party of New York State

97

Michael Long


Last Year's Rank: 55

Change: -42

Chairman, New York AREA

98

Jerry Kremer


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Onondaga County Executive

99

Joanie Mahoney


Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Lieutenant Governor

100

Robert Duffy


Last Year's Rank: 100

Change: No Change