“Power is a lot like real estate,” says Rep. Francis Underwood in the political drama House of Cards. “It’s all about location, location, location. The closer you are to the source, the higher your property value.”

Underwood is a fictional character, but in the real world of politics his words often hold true. In New York, proximity to Gov. Andrew Cuomo, who holds the state’s highest elected office, can serve as an indicator of political clout. Nearly a dozen people on this year’s list owe their jobs directly to the governor, and many others are highly ranked largely because of their connections to him or to other state power brokers. Even those who have earned election to a high level office generally owe their position to key patrons and mentors who helped them climb the rungs of power. Cuomo himself grew up with a father who was governor, after all.

However, simply being close to a powerful figure does not always mean that one is powerful as a result. Dozens of state commissioners and agency heads are nowhere to be found on this list. Sandra Lee, the governor’s longtime girlfriend, did not make the cut, and Lt. Gov. Robert Duffy just squeezed on to it for a second consecutive year at No. 100.

As Rep. Underwood notes in a later episode, “Proximity to power deludes some into thinking they wield it.”

To give our readers an accurate portrayal of who really holds sway in Albany politics, City & State presents its second annual Albany Power 100. Of course, any list of this sort is bound to generate criticism and controversy. We acknowledge that our ranking is imperfect—yet it is not arbitrary. Off-the-record conversations with many of the state’s most savvy political insiders helped us arrive at a list that we hope will resound with the people who know the score as well as anyone—our readers.

Commissioner of Education of the State of New York


John King

Last Year's Rank: n/a

Change: New

Albany Bureau Chief, New York Daily News


Kenneth Lovett

Last Year's Rank: 79

Change: +35

Assemblyman; Chair, Black, Puerto Rican, Hispanic and Asian Legislative Caucus


Karim Camara

Last Year's Rank: 50

Change: +5

Host, The Capitol Pressroom; WCNY News and Public Affairs Director


Susan Arbetter

Last Year's Rank: 76

Change: +30

Executive Director, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey


Patrick Foye

Last Year's Rank: 57

Change: +10

Governor’s Director of Communications


Melissa DeRosa

Last Year's Rank: 68

Change: +20

Founder and President, Kasirer Consulting


Suri Kasirer

Last Year's Rank: 51

Change: +2

Westchester County Executive


Rob Astorino

Last Year's Rank: n/a

Change: New

Chief Judge of the State of New York


Jonathan Lippman

Last Year's Rank: 38

Change: -13

Founder, Metropolitan Strategies; Chief Strategist, State Democratic Committee Coordinated Campaign


Neal Kwatra

Last Year's Rank: n/a

Change: New

President, Real Estate Board of New York


Steven Spinola

Last Year's Rank: 61

Change: +8

Partner, The Parkside Group


Evan Stavisky

Last Year's Rank: 54

Change: No Change

Chancellor, State University of New York


Nancy Zimpher

Last Year's Rank: N/A

Change: New

Mayor of Syracuse


Stephanie Miner

Last Year's Rank: 58

Change: +2

State Senator


Diane Savino

Last Year's Rank: 60

Change: +3

Partner, Bolton-St. Johns


Emily Giske

Last Year's Rank: 63

Change: +5

President and CEO, The Business Council of New York State


Heather Briccetti

Last Year's Rank: 67

Change: +8

President, New York State United Teachers


Karen Magee

Last Year's Rank: n/a

Change: New

Cardinal; Archbishop of New York


Timothy Dolan

Last Year's Rank: 21

Change: -40

Columnist, New York Daily News


Bill Hammond

Last Year's Rank: 70

Change: +8

Founder and Managing Director, Park Strategies


Alfonse D'Amato

Last Year's Rank: 92

Change: +29